In bringing out a set of five commemorative postage stamps on National Parks of India, India Post celebrates the unique beauty of each. Whie applauding the conservation efforts so far made, there is obviously a need to carry this movement forward with greater
resolve. This set of stamps will create greater awareness of the heritage we need to preserve. India Post is proud to showcase the natural heritage of India by bringing out a set of five stamps featuring famous National parks around the country.
National Parks of India
India's rich biodiversity has fascinated people down the ages. We can boast of more than 500 species of mammals, 2,000 species of birds, 500 species of reptiles, and 30,000 species of insects. We also have an ingrained tradition of conservation stretching
back in history.
However, the pressures of an increasing population have led to widespread changes in land ways. This has, in effect, led to a gradual encroachment and decimation of forest cover and water bodies, resulting in the destruction of the natural habitat which
has sustained wildlife down the centuries.
While shooting for sport'Shikar', posed the greatest threat to wildlife in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it is the destruction of habitat and illegal poaching for commerce that present the major problems to conservation today.
Realizing the danger, sanctuaries for protecting the wildlife, along witheir natural habitat, were set up in India from the first half of the 20th century itself and today there are more than 450 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 85 National Parks, around the country.
A comprehensive legislation called the "Wildlife Protection Act' was enacted in 1972 for providing legal protection to wildlife, and to endangered species of fauna in particular, as protecting our natural heritage and preventing the extinction of increasingly
rare and endangered species of animals like the one-horned Indian Rhinoceros, the Indian elephant, the tiger, and the musk deer among other, assumed national importance.
Under this Act, the State Governments are empowered to declare any area as a Sanctuary or a National Park for the purpose of protecting and conserving wildlife and the environment. All National Parks and Sanctuaries are, however not alike. While some have
been created to protect certain specific rare and endangered species, some are famous for the richness and variety of their flora as well as fauna.
Bandipur National Park
The bandipur National Park is a beautiful forest reserve located in Karnataka. It lies in the shadow of the western ghats and spreads across an area of about 875 sq.km., at a height of 780-1455 m. above sea level. A moderate climate and diverse geographical
features support a remarkable variety of flora and fauna. Declared a National Park under the Wildlife Protection Act in 1974, this National Park is best known for its elephant herds and Sandalwood trees. A mix of deciduous and evergreen forests and scrubland
supported by the waters of the Moyar River, this forest resrve is home to Indian Elephant, Tiger, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Four Horned Antelope, Wild Pig, Black-Naped Hare and the Indian Porcupine. The Park is also rich in avian population with an abundance of
birds like the Peafowl, and game birds like the Grey Jungle Fowl, Red Spur Fowl, etc.
( Courtesy: BROCHURE released by Department of Posts India )