Human -Tiger Conflicts
Whenever wild animal populations survive and come into contact with landscapes dominated by humans, they pose a threat by preying on livestock less commonly on people. In most parts of India, people are remarkably tolerant of
wildlife damage compared with elsewhere in the world, but sometimes, in conflict situations, local antagonism against tigers often erupts into a serious problem.
What Causes Conflicts?
*Killing of Livestock
Tiger attack is an extreme form of human-wildlife conflict that occurs for various reasons and has claimed more human lives than attacks by any of the other big cats. The most comprehensive study of deaths due to tiger attacks estimates that at least 373,000
people died due to tiger attacks between 1800 and 2009, the majority of these attacks occurring in South and Southeast Asia.
Tigers readily kill domestic ungulates as they enter farmer land, government-owned forest in search of food and damage livestock in a larger margin
*Accidental killing of humans
In most places, tigers are wary of human beings and avoid encounters. Accidental mauling or killing of humans by tigers is rare and usually occurs when angry mobs surround tigers that enter human settlements to take livestock.
it has been historically documented in parts of India that individual tigers begin to view human beings as a ‘prey species’ and persistently stalk them. The ecological and social factors that lead to man-eating are not scientifically proven, but appear to
be influenced by distinct factors. Man-eating behavior is exhibited in an unusually persistent form among the tigers of the Sundarban delta.
Tigers are afraid of bears, fire, electric fences and so on…
⦁ Afraid of FIRE
Tigers are naturally afraid of fire. This means that they are more afraid of being punished by their trainers than they are of the flames.
2. Afraid of bears:
Tigers are generally at the top of the food chain and classified as the apex predators, so they are not afraid of any other animal. One exception to this is the case of tigers living in the range of particular bear species, as they sometimes are killed by
bears when competing for food or disputing a kill.
3.Electric fences killing tigers:
Homemade electrical fencing is used by some villages to preserve their crops from animals such as wild boar. Without the resources to purchase safety equipment, villagers strip wire of its protective plastic, creating a live wire that sends out dangerously
high voltages. This has not only killed local wildlife but has also reportedly caused the death of local people.
4. Solar fencing: solar fencing includes mild current pass through connected body by completing entire circuit here in this scenario many animals are hurt as is this unscientific way of solving issue
5.Message Alert System:
When an object or animal touches the fence, the electric circuit is completed by connecting to the ground, resulting in a short electric shock, which passes through the object or animal. The solar fencing system is popular and sought a system for protecting
premises for Agriculture, Security or High-security applications.
Whenever the tiger crosses through the sensory device that is placed on the farm. That device sends an alert message to the owner after which the owner will either arrive and secure his farm or move away from harm’s place.
The above method can be used to deter away from the tiger from the agricultural land. However, most of them involve manual efforts that are invasive in nature. Apart from the above, we can use technological products for the tigers that
can deter them away and noninvasive in nature.
Most Recent incident from Maharashtra: Click below.
Flashing of lights: Tigers have a structure at the back of the eye behind the retina called the tapetum lucid um that enables them to have better night vision. The tapes tum lucid um causes their eyes to glow at night when a light is shone on them.
Tigers have more rods (responsible for visual acuity for shapes) in their eyes than cones (responsible for color vision) to assist with their night vision. The increased number of rods allows them to detect movement of prey in darkness where color
vision would not be useful. In general, cats require only about 1/6 the light humans do to see.
Parabraksh is one of a kind solar-powered autonomous flashing light system that is conceptualized and made in India. The product is environmentally friendly and it has a dual charging mechanism –solar and Micro-USB charging with
an indicator LED lights.
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