Man Animal Conflict

Human Animal conflict

Posted by Katidhan Tech on April 02, 2020

 
Forum Post

Human -Tiger Conflicts

 

 

 

                         

 

Whenever wild animal populations survive and come into contact with landscapes dominated by humans, they pose a threat by preying on livestock less commonly on people. In most parts of India, people are remarkably tolerant of wildlife damage compared with elsewhere in the world, but sometimes, in conflict situations, local antagonism against tigers often erupts into a serious problem.

 

What Causes Conflicts?

*Killing of Livestock 

 

Tiger attack is an extreme form of human-wildlife conflict that occurs for various reasons and has claimed more human lives than attacks by any of the other big cats. The most comprehensive study of deaths due to tiger attacks estimates that at least 373,000 people died due to tiger attacks between 1800 and 2009, the majority of these attacks occurring in South and Southeast Asia.

 

 

Tigers readily kill domestic ungulates as they enter farmer land, government-owned forest in search of food and damage livestock in a larger margin

 

*Accidental killing of humans

 

 

 

 

In most places, tigers are wary of human beings and avoid encounters. Accidental mauling or killing of humans by tigers is rare and usually occurs when angry mobs surround tigers that enter human settlements to take livestock.

 

 

 

 

*Man-eating behavior

 

 

Although infrequent, it has been historically documented in parts of India that individual tigers begin to view human beings as a ‘prey species’ and persistently stalk them. The ecological and social factors that lead to man-eating are not scientifically proven, but appear to be influenced by distinct factors. Man-eating behavior is exhibited in an unusually persistent form among the tigers of the Sundarban delta.

 

Tigers are afraid of bears, fire, electric fences and so on…

⦁ Afraid of FIRE

Tigers are naturally afraid of fire. This means that they are more afraid of being punished by their trainers than they are of the flames.

2. Afraid of bears: 

Tigers are generally at the top of the food chain and classified as the apex predators, so they are not afraid of any other animal. One exception to this is the case of tigers living in the range of particular bear species, as they sometimes are killed by bears when competing for food or disputing a kill.

                           

3.Electric fences killing tigers:

Homemade electrical fencing is used by some villages to preserve their crops from animals such as wild boar. Without the resources to purchase safety equipment, villagers strip wire of its protective plastic, creating a live wire that sends out dangerously high voltages. This has not only killed local wildlife but has also reportedly caused the death of local people.

 

4. Solar fencing: solar fencing includes mild current pass through connected body by completing entire circuit here in this scenario many animals are hurted as is this unscientific way of solving issue

 

 

 

 

5.Message Alert System:

When an object or animal touches the fence, the electric circuit is completed by connecting to the ground, resulting in a short electric shock, which passes through the object or animal. The solar fencing system is popular and sought a system for protecting premises for Agriculture, Security or High-security applications.

 

 

  

Whenever the tiger crosses through the sensory device that is placed on the farm. That device sends an alert message to the owner after which the owner will either arrive and secure his farm or move away from harm’s place.

                   The above method can be used to deter away from the tiger from the agricultural land. However, most of them involve manual efforts that are invasive in nature. Apart from the above, we can use technological products for the tigers that can deter them away and noninvasive in nature.

 

Most Recent incident from Maharashtra: Click below.     

https://zeenews.india.com/kannada/india/video-man-was-attacked-by-tiger-what-next-22794

 

Flashing of lights: Tigers have a structure at the back of the eye behind the retina called the tapetum lucid um that enables them to have better night vision. The tapes tum lucid um causes their eyes to glow at night when a light is shone on them.

       Tigers have more rods (responsible for visual acuity for shapes) in their eyes than cones (responsible for color vision) to assist with their night vision. The increased number of rods allows them to detect movement of prey in darkness where color vision would not be useful. In general, cats require only about 1/6 the light humans do to see.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parabraksh is one of a kind solar-powered autonomous flashing light system that is conceptualized and made in India. The product is environmentally friendly and it has a dual charging mechanism –solar and Micro-USB charging with an indicator LED lights.

 

Please contact us at info@katidhan.com for more information or reach us on the following links:

Website: https://katidhan.com/

YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTv9k4aiKT8Onv2JJ-iSsZA

Facebook:  https://www.facebook.com/katidhan/

Linkedin:   https://www.linkedin.com/com HYPERLINK "https://www.linkedin.com/company/katidhan/"pany/katidhan/

 

 

Man Animal Conflict

Wild Boar Attacks on Farms causing huge Croplosses

Posted by Katidhan Tech on April 02, 2020

 
Forum Post

Wild boar is the utmost communal native species of wildlife that bring about large injuries to plants. Wild boar is an important factor and a particular concern to the agricultural industry regarding crops and frosts damage along with its alleviating tactics. Wild boar may destroy the agricultural crops by crushing or eating of plants. Likewise, these may harm to crops while wallowing and rooting which injury to plant roots, and form holes and grooves that harm farm equipment and endanger operations. Wild boar injury is more in fields that are in neighboring vicinity of forests ranges. Wild boars harshly influence trees and timber resources in many ways like disturbance of planted seedlings, girdling and rubbing of matured trees, chewing and rooting of sideway roots of fully-fledged trees, and tusking or scent marking with the tusk glands that injuries to tree bark. 

 

Mitigation strategies for wild boar losses comprise the creation of education and awareness among persons, co-operative securing of matured crops and use of local protective methods. Wild boar can be managed through small-scale exclusion, trapping and shooting tactics. Shooting is a popular method of controlling wild boar populations and in this way, pressure from hunting will let the pest to move away from where they are hunted, or at a minimum, will restrict their movements. It has been found that using dogs is the most effective for locating individuals or smaller groups of wild boars. In some cases, a female boar is trapped, spayed fitted with a radio collar and then released in the field. Since female boars live in groups, the spayed female will lead wildlife managers to local boar populations, which can assist in population control efforts. While recreational hunting is often a preferred method, it is also effective to some extent at controlling wild boar population growth. Trapping, however, is highly effective at controlling and reducing of boar’s population growth. The study of a spatiotemporal variant of boar-inflicted losses and recognition of reasons which boost the risk of harm delivers necessary facts for contributing to developing a further effectual strategy for handling of wild boar’s density.

 

 

The occurrence of crop damage by wild boars raised dramatically in the last decades, implying an increase in social conflicts, expenditures for compensation and a risk to natural ecosystems. Many researchers have explained this phenomenon by considering wild boar biology, behavior, and abundance. Little or no attention has been devoted to wildlife management and the agricultural mosaic. We hypothesized that the agricultural structure of the landscape and wildlife management planning, including hunting, can play a relevant role in causing crop damage.

Agricultural Damage

Feral pigs can damage agricultural crops by eating or trampling them.

They can also damage crops while rooting and wallowing which

*damages plant roots

*creates holes and ruts that can damage farm equipment and endanger operators

 

 

 

Wild pigs are a serious pest to crops cultivated in areas near the jungle. The wild pig is an intelligent animal. It is also prolific, has an excellent smell, sight, and hearing, and is highly adaptable. As an omnivore, a wild pig will eat anything. Wild pigs sleep during the day and are active at night.

 

 

They cause huge losses to farmers, as their attacks on crops are unexpected and damaging. An attack on a cornfield at the tasselling stage can wipe out 50% of the standing plants. Control measures such as fencing, baiting, and traps are practiced but are not very effective. In Malaysia, farmers are now using coconut fruit bunches to deter wild pigs from entering cultivated areas.

 

The current methodology that farmers are using to stop crop losses

1.Placing Dried Coconut bunches with coconut fruits

 

 

This new method of controlling wild pigs is based on placing a physical deterrent around a tree or where the pigs are thought to enter the field. The best deterrent is coconut fruit bunches together with dried coconut leaves ( As in the above pictures)

*Several coconut fruit bunches are tied together, with the fingers pointing outward.

*The tied-up bunches are placed around the base of a plant, or the probable point of entry to a field. Be sure that the fingers of the coconut fruit bunches are pointing outwards The fingers will hurt the nose or eyes of wild pigs if they attempt to dig the roots of the plant 

Merits of the Technology

This method is simple, low-cost, and environmentally friendly. Farmers can easily learn it with a simple demonstration.

2.Human Hair as Deterrent

Wild boar with poorly developed sight and hearing mechanism has to depend on its smell sensory mechanism only for movement as well as locating of food. In this process, it moves from one place to another place only by a way of sniffing on the ground thereby getting guided into the desired routes. Spreading of human hair collected from local barbershops is an effective and low-cost traditional method being followed by farmers. Technically this indigenous method does have scientific logic which clearly suggests that the human hair in the movement routes of the wild boar gets sucked through nostrils causing severe respiratory irritation.

Due to this the wild boar gets totally disturbed and loses its track by making distress calls, which will ward off other wild boars entering into the cropped area. Several farmers are

extensively practicing this method in different crops and controlling the damage caused by wild boar to the extent of 40-50% 

 

3. Spraying of local pigs dung solution

Territoriality is very high in wild boars which are being exploited under this method. The dung collected from local pigs will be made into a solution and should be sprayed on the soil to the width of 1 ft around the crop. This will confuse wild boars with a false assumption of entering into the territory of other pigs; thereby their movement will be prevented to

avoid territorial conflict. For sustained effectivity, it is desirable to go 2-3 sprays with 7 days interval between each spray. This method effectively controls the wild boar up to

50% 

 

4. Erection of used colored sarees

This method also is a farmer’s innovation, which has a behavioral background as far as wild boar is concerned. By arranging used sarees of different colors around the crop will make wild boars assume human presence in the area thereby not preferring to enter into such areas. Even though, not feasible in all situations it has some marginal benefit in the areas of human movement. By using this, the extent of damage by wild boar can be minimized to the level of 30-55%

 

5.Burning of dried dung cakes

The dried cakes made from local pig dung are burnt in earthen pots. This will ensure the slow generation and spreading of smoke during dusk time. The smoke coupled with the smell of local pig dung helps in sensitizing wild boar about the presence of local pigs. As a result, to avoid territorial conflict, the wild boars don’t prefer to move in such areas and extent of damage by wild boar can be minimized to the level of 35-50% 

  

6.Arrangement of three rows in “NIWAR” soaked in Kerosene

The NIWAR should be soaked in Kerosene solution for about 2 hrs and will be arranged around the crop in 3 rows by keeping 1 ft distance between rows with the help of wooden poles. Sufficient care should be taken to drain off excess kerosene. The dominating smell of the kerosene does not allow wild boars to identify the crop. This method is generally effective for 10-15 days extent of damage by wild boar can be minimized to the level of 25-45%

 

6.Arrangements of Coconut ropes soaked in a mixture of Sulphur + Pig oil

Arranged of coconut rope in three rows around the crop by keeping 1 ft distance between the rows with the help of wooden poles can be done. Preparation of solution with a sufficient quantity of sulfur is mixed with local/domestic pig fat oil is done and that mixture should be smeared on the arranged coconut ropes. This mixture generates the typical smell thereby repelling wild boars not to enter into the crop area. For effective use of this method two such applications should be done with ten days interval in between and extent of damage by wild boar can be minimized to the level of 60-80%

 

 

7.Planting of thorny bushes and xerophytes around the crop

Different xerophytic species like Cacti sp (Euphorbia caducifolia, E. meriifolia), opentia sp (Opuntia elatior, O.dillenii), Zizipus sp (Ziziphus oenopolia, Z. mauritiana), and agave sp (Agave americana, Caesalpinia cristata) can be planted on the bunds around the crop which will not allow the wild boars due to their thorny in nature. The wild boars after the unsuccessful trial of entry get injuries and making alarming calls, which makes the other animals flee. This method effectively controls the wild boar up to 50-70%

 

8.Traditional use of local dogs for scaring away wild boars

In endemic areas of wild boar attacks, farmers do follow using of trained dogs on a community basis to scare away the approaching wild boars. In selected cases, this method proved to be effective and sustainable. By using this method control the wild boar damage up to 50%

 

 

9.Creation of sounds and light through born fire:

To scare away the wild boars from damaging their crops farmer’s employee methods such as using firecrackers, making sounds through local drums, empty tins, making born fires and shouting. This type of method proven to affective on a community basis in protecting farmers' fields from the wild boars and effectively controls the crop damage up to 40-60% Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad for providing necessary facilities during the fieldwork.

Flashing of lights:

 

       wild boar have more rods (responsible for visual acuity for shapes) in their eyes than cones (responsible for color vision) to assist with their night vision. The increased number of rods allows them to detect the movement of prey in darkness where color vision would not be useful. 

 

Parabraksh is one of a kind solar-powered autonomous flashing light system that is conceptualized and made in India. The product is environmentally friendly and it has a dual charging mechanism –solar and Micro-USB charging with an indicator LED lights. These lights are proven to be effective against wild boars.

 

Please contact us at info@katidhan.com for more information or reach us on the following links:

Website:     https://katidhan.com/

YouTube:    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTv9k4aiKT8Onv2JJ-iSsZA

Facebook:   https://www.facebook.com/katidhan/

Linkedin::   https://in.linkedin.com/company/katidhan

 

 

source:

http://www.fftc.agnet.org/library.php?func=view&style=type&id=20110805093251   

https://oup.silverchair-cdn.com/oup/backfile/Content_public/Journal/cz/63/5/10.1093_cz_zow099/3/m_zow099f2.png?Expires=1583524896&Signature=lcNGB4BvxAXT7jXiby7kqOcvJyBGr4Gep4VoRJddMUBXHBmUwJ99C4H2o30U2VB-0hTR-eIZfr35n4HXDgHoncqSfq1pQvdxkzKmMRAGVhyEVUPe59G6kGzS~8Gpjvwohc5AnfjVG0-FQCaRafSM84caAv5OtylL7BAUlgt7XqY5HtWqXIvKifl-EHgK-~GwvwYRlvJyfvL-lu6qPtSUt-MbhN50RoSnGkQnzUiDWqXazdNEgWXaQpd8cV0rWFHvxtjRq1Tr6qIIfsm3CDhszbkGg3PNIkJaDAik5ZIWgyh8V7JZJm3Pb1xhisBSu5xywNl8cNDiW5u16wYnu1KpOQ__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAIE5G5CRDK6RD3PGA 

https://www.popsci.com/feral-pig-problem/ 

https://english.mathrubhumi.com/news/columns/faunaforum/a-few-tricks-to-keep-animals-out-of-your-farm-english-news-1.806710

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/protecting-crop-by-sharing-it-with-wild-animals/article17342027.ece 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hindi Blogs

Srishti Textile - Block Printed Fabric Manufacturer

Posted by Hitesh Sharma on April 02, 2020

 
Forum Post

Today, as the world is getting huge hits from Novel Corona Virus effect and restricting fearless movements of tourist across the globe.
However, here in Jaipur, companies like Srishti Textile are preparing themselves for the upcoming Summer Season of 2020. As of last month, the company has already launched its collection of Designer Block Printed Fabric Manufacturer in Jaipur to attract customers from all over the world and today they have published information page on Rajasthan Culture and Fashion.
According to officials, they are eyeing to see a large proportion of tourist/visitors coming to the state from the mid of the year and preparing to host them at their best. The company was founded in 2000 under the leadership of Late Mr Deepak Sharm and from last two decades, they are growing their roots in the textile sector of Rajasthan.
Major products offered by the company are still Hand Block Printed Home Decor and Clothing Accessories only.

Any other

Best laser hair removal in Delhi

Posted by Rohit Kumar on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

Want a smooth and hair-free skin without any side-effects? Opt for laser hair reduction. The procedure is designed to destroy the hair follicles from the target area to delay the hair growth process. One can visit Dermaworld Skin & Hair Clinics to get Best laser hair removal in Delhi from experienced laser specialists and a team of experts that performs all the procedures under the guidance of Dr. Rohit Batra. He is the best doctor for laser hair removal in Delhi with years of experience in delivering the best results to his patients. At the clinic, the most advanced laser technology is utilized for a pain-free experience during the treatment. The laser hair removal cost in Delhi depends upon the target area, number of sessions, the technology used for the treatment, the also on the experience of the doctor. So, the cost varies from person to person. For the best laser experience, visit Dermaworld Skin & Hair Clinic.

For more details: https://www.laserhairremovaldelhi.com/

Contact: +91 99112-00050

Email: info@laserhairremovaldelhi.com

Address: Q-4, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi – 110027

Disclaimer: The content and image used in this post are for information purposes only.

Any other

Best laser hair removal in Delhi

Posted by Rohit Kumar on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

Want a smooth and hair-free skin without any side-effects? Opt for laser hair reduction. The procedure is designed to destroy the hair follicles from the target area to delay the hair growth process. One can visit Dermaworld Skin & Hair Clinics to get Best laser hair removal in Delhi from experienced laser specialists and a team of experts that performs all the procedures under the guidance of Dr. Rohit Batra. He is the best doctor for laser hair removal in Delhi with years of experience in delivering the best results to his patients. At the clinic, the most advanced laser technology is utilized for a pain-free experience during the treatment. The laser hair removal cost in Delhi depends upon the target area, number of sessions, the technology used for the treatment, the also on the experience of the doctor. So, the cost varies from person to person. For the best laser experience, visit Dermaworld Skin & Hair Clinic.

For more details: https://www.laserhairremovaldelhi.com/

Contact: +91 99112-00050

Email: info@laserhairremovaldelhi.com

Address: Q-4, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi – 110027

Disclaimer: The content and image used in this post are for information purposes only.

General

Failed to activate 2-step verification on Gmail? Use Gmail customer service.

Posted by Jofra Archer2 on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

 2-step verification is a security of Gmail that provides end to end encryption and keeps your personal data secure. You can easily activate it on your account via navigating into the settings section. If you are failed to activate 2-step verification on Gmail, then you should confirm that you provide alternative email id and phone number and give access to get notification whenever your account is logged into another device. If you still unable to activate it, then use Gmail customer services for quick fixes.https://www.findcustomerservice.org/gmail-customer-service/

 

General

Do you get 503 errors on Gmail? Avail Gmail customer service.

Posted by Jofra Archer2 on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

 Every online platform needs a backend server to run it smoothly. The backend server is provided via its platform, you don't need any additional activity for it. If you receive 503 error on Gmail, then you should reload the webpage and also confirm your internet connectivity. Also, try to clear all browser history. If you still get it, then go to Gmail customer service for instant solutions of this issue.https://www.deletemy-account.com/gmail-customer-service-number/ 

 

General

Failed to enable IMAP in Gmail? Use Gmail customer service.

Posted by Jofra Archer2 on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

 Gmail is one of the best online platform of communication, that comes with many features and increase the activity in a less time. There are two types of emails on Gmail, one is IMAP and second one is POP. If you are failing to enable IMAP in your Gmail account, then you should confirm you follow the right settings for it. Also, try to refresh your internet connectivity. If you still unable to do it, then use Gmail customer service to fix it quickly.https://www.amazon-customerservicephonenumber.com/gmail-customer-service-number/

 

General

Can’t connect Gmail to server? Contact Gmail customer service.

Posted by Jofra Archer2 on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

 Whenever you are creating any new account and try to add in a Gmail app then it asks for the type, then you have to confirm the server like IMAP or POP. If you can’t connect your Gmail account to server then you should confirm that you select the confirmation pop-up and also provide the correct user’s credentials. Try to reload or refresh the webpage and reset your internet connection. If you still get the same, then contact Gmail customer service to get instant fixes.https://www.pcmonks.net/gmail-customer-service.html

 

General

Talk to Gmail customer service, if failed to fix temporary error 500.

Posted by Jofra Archer2 on March 30, 2020

 
Forum Post

 Gmail through an error message if there is something wrong and secure your data. It will generate an error code that describes the exact problem with it. If you get temporary error 500 on screen while you are working on Gmail, then you should confirm that the configuration of Gmail server is correct and also disable the antivirus programs and firewall. If you still get the same, then talk to Gmail customer service to resolve it in a faster manner.https://www.pcmonks.net/gmail-help.html 

 

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