Short Training Programme on Urban Lakes and Wetlands

Short Training Programme on Urban Lakesand Wetlands

25th-27th June2014

Lack of understanding of thelake eco-system is leading to the decline of lakes falling in our urban areas.Lakes bring the joys of nature to urbanites, other than providing recreationaland psychological relief, acting as biodiversity habitats as well asgroundwater recharge zones. Today, these lakes are highly polluted eyesores,often emitting foul odour, and while vast sums are spent on theirbeautification the core issue of lake management remains a puzzle to thestakeholders.

Objective: Through this course INTACH seeks to provide the participantsan understanding of the lake eco-system, the analysis and diagnosis of problemsassociated with it and the methods of remediation for maintaining a healthylake eco-system.

Target Audience:Concerned citizens [who can put informed pressure on decision makers] and playa role as citizen scientists in the management and monitoring of lakes,environmentalists who can take up the cause of these commons at various fora,mid-level urban administrators and urban planners who can integrate theunderstanding of lakes in their strategic decision making.

Venue:Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), 71, Lodhi Estate,New Delhi 110003.

Dates: 25thJune to 27th June 2014

Arrangements:Study material, refreshments, lunch, field visits would be arranged by INTACHwhile inter-city travel and local stay arrangements are to be taken care of bythe participants.

Course fee:

·       Rs.3000.00 (Indian nationals-Students, NGOs, Public) [20 % less for INTACH members and employees, 30 %less for full-time students]

·       US$ 200.00 (Foreign nationals)

·       ForGovernment Officials - Rs. 7,500.00 [early bird discount 25%upto 10 May/14]





Course Content

Module 1- Introduction

Wetlands, landscape features found in almost all parts of the world, areknown as ‘‘the kidneys of the landscape’’ and ‘‘ecological supermarkets’’ tobring attention to the important values they provide. Although many cultureshave lived among and even depended on wetlands for centuries, the modernhistory of wetlands is fraught with misunderstanding and fear. Wetlands havebeen destroyed at alarming rates throughout the developed and developingworlds. Now, as their many values are being recognized, wetland conservationand protection have become the norm in many parts of the world. Wetlands haveproperties that are not adequately covered by present terrestrial and aquaticecology, making a case for wetland science as a unique discipline encompassingmany fields, including terrestrial and aquatic ecology, chemistry, hydrology,and engineering. Wetland management, as the applied side of wetland science,requires an understanding of the scientific aspects of wetlands.

1.     The value of wetlands

2.      Issues & Threats to wetlands

3.     Wetlands and lakes: definition

4.     Understanding Lake Ecology I- Physical

a.      Lake variability

b.     Light

c.      Density

d.     Stratification

5.     Understanding Lake Ecology II- Chemical

a.      General lake chemistry

b.     Dissolved oxygen

c.      Nutrients

                                                              i.     Eutrophication (introduction in relation tonutrients)

6.     Understanding Lake Ecology III- Biological

a.      Lake Zones

b.     Food web

c.      Primary producers

d.     Algal succession

e.      Consumers/ decomposers

f.       Trophic status

7.     Ecology of tropical wetlands

a.       Wetland Types

b.      Types of Wetland Vegetation

c.       Vegetation Dynamics



Module 2- Urban Wetlands/ lakes

According to United Nation’s World Urbanization Prospect’s database, in1950 about 30% population was urbanized, in 2010 50% and it is expected to be70% in 2050. In India, corresponding figures are, 17% in 1950, 30% in 2010,expected to be 55% by 2050. With rapid urbanisation, more land area isdeveloped around present urban agglomerations as well as new areas areurbanised to accommodate larger populations moving out of rural areas.

This module focuses on:

1.     Urban Wetlands

2.     Effect of urbanisation on wetlands: Eutrophication

3.     Urban water shed & runoff

4.     Hydrology & water budget


Module 3- Conservation of urban lakes

Withincreasingly rapid urbanization, wetlands are being threatened in two principleways:

·       Through direct conversion of wetlands, whether plannedor unplanned, to urban areas, leading to acute problems associated withpolluted drainage, direct habitat loss, overexploitation of wetland plants andanimals by urban and periurban residentsand the increased prevalence of nonnative invasive species; and

·       Through the watershedrelated impacts of urban development, including increased demands forwater, increasing diffuse and point source pollution and the need for greateragricultural production to support the burgeoning urban population.

This module focuses on:

1.      Importance/ Benefits of conserving urban lakes

a.      Surface and ground water

b.     Urban Heat Islands

c.      Biodiversity

d.     Health benefits


Module 4- Wetland Management

1.      Introduction to wetland management?

2.     Integrated wetlandecosystem management

3.     Lake Laws and Rules

4.     Approachesin conservation and management of urban lakes

5.     CaseStudies

a.     HauzKhas

b.     Nainital

c.      Bhopal lakes

d.     Kankaria Lake


Field Visit: Hauz/ Palam/Okhla/Bhalswa/YamunaBiodiversity Park











Day 1





9:30-10:00 am

Introduction to basic concepts of lake ecology

·         Introduction to wetlands

·         Significance of Wetlands

·         Threats to Lakes and Wetlands

·         Introduction to urban lake conservation

Mr. Manu Bhatnagar

Pr. Director, INTACH

10:00-10:30 am

What are wetlands? (Lakes and Watershed)



Dr. Brij Gopal

Coordinator,  Centre for Inland Waters in South Asia

10:30-11:00 am



11:00-11:45 am

Understanding Lake Ecology -I-Physical components

·         Lake variability

·         Light

·         Density

·         Stratification

Dr. Brij Gopal

Coordinator,  Centre for Inland Waters in South Asia

11:45-1:00 pm

Understanding Lake Ecology-II-Chemical components

·         General lake chemistry

·         Dissolved oxygen

·         Nutrients

Dr. Brij Gopal

Coordinator,  Centre for Inland Waters in South Asia

1:00-1:30 pm



1:30-2:30 pm

Understanding Lake Ecology-III-Biological components

·         Lake Zones

·         Food web

·         Primary producers

·         Algal succession

·         Consumers/ decomposers

·         Trophic status

Prof. C. K. Varshney

Professor Emeritus, JNU

2:30-3:15 pm

Effects of urbanization on wetlands (Issues and threats)

·         Urbanization and its effects on regional hydrology

·         Eutrophication

Dr. Ritu Singh

Sr. Consultant, INTACH

3:15-4:00 pm

Urban Watershed and Runoff & Hydrology and Water budget

Dr. Varun Joshi

Associate Professor,

IP University

4:00-5:00 pm

Functions and Value of Wetlands


Prof. C. K. Varshney

Professor Emeritus, JNU






Day 2




9:30-10:30 am

Ecology of tropical wetlands

·         Wetland Types

·         Wetland Vegetation Types

·         Vegetation Dynamics

Dr. Brij Gopal

Coordinator, Centre for Inland Waters in South Asia

10:30-11:00 am



11:00-11:45 am

Wetlands & Aquatic ecosystem in urban landscape:

·         Biodiversity

·         Importance of Conserving Urban lakes

                                I.            Surface and ground water

                             II.            Urban Heat Islands

                           III.            Biodiversity

                          IV.            Health benefits

Dr. Surya Prakash

School of Life Sciences, JNU

11:45-12:05 am

Integrated Lake Basin Management


Mr. Manu Bhatnagar

Pr. Director, INTACH

12:05-1:00 pm

Integrated Wetland Ecosystem Management



Prof. J. K. Garg


IP University

1:00-1:30 pm



1:30-2:15 pm

Approaches in Conservation and Management of Urban Lakes

Dr. Ritu Singh /

Mr. Manu Bhatnagar

2:15-3:00 pm

Lake Laws and Rules

·         Provisions of Environmental Protection Act [1986]

·         Wetland Rules

·         National Lakes Conservation Program

Ms. Swati Singh Sambyal

3:00-3:45 pm

Bhopal Lakes case study

Dr. S. M. Mishra

3:45-4:30 pm

Case Studies – Haus Khas, Kankaria Lake, Nainital Lake, Mansagar Lake

Mr. Manu Bhatnagar

Pr. Director, INTACH

4:30-5:00 pm

Monitoring Urban Lakes – (Visual & Physical observations, Chemical & Catchment Parameters)


 Dr. Ritu Singh

Sr. Consultant, INTACH









Day 3




9:30-10:00 am

Presentation on Yamuna Biodiversity Park


Dr. Faiyaz A. Khudsar

Scientist Incharge, Yamuna Biodiversity Park

10:00-10:30 am



10:30-5:30 pm

Field visit to Hauz Khas Lake and Sanjay Van or Yamuna Biodiversity Park

(Lunch and Tea)





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