"Man-animal (anthropogenic) conflict in India is taking a heavy toll on habitat
and thereby the survival of wildlife. Habitat fragmentation is leading to
isolation of animals, inbreeding, and causing local extinction of such
species. If wildlife are restricted in their movements and in their sociology
(mating patterns and territoriality) it will lead to inbreeding, further
weakening the genetic pool. This applies to all endangered birds, reptiles,
insects, and mammals.
In early 2010 there was an official alert that 1000 tigers were reduced to
skin and bone since the last census of 2008. The 2008 census said there
1411 tigers remaining. Only 50 percent are females. Of these there are
many which are old and frail, and are not breeding any more. Many other
males are of the same bloodline so mating is impossible. Genetic
inbreeding amongst felines is one of the greatest threats to tiger numbers.
Taking all this into account, only 1/3rd of the 1000 odd tiger population in
India are fit to breed."-Malini Shankar
Read More at