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December 23, 2006
Barasingha in Kanha N.P and Hangul in Dachigam N. P ( J&K)
The barasingha, the beautiful deer with twelve tined antlers, were once reduced to just 66 animals in Kanha N.P. Management interventions like construction of a large enclosure,( main threat to brasingha are the tigers) strict control over grass burning
and the augmentation of grassland areas achieved a rebound of the population of this deer.
Today, the Hangul or red deer in Dachigam is faced with extinction. The 2005 census placed their numbers between 170 and 250. Increase in predators like leopards and the omnivorous black bear who feed on young hangul does not help matters
either. Large scale grazing of sheep and encroahment in the upper reaches of the park have led to shrinking of the hangul's home range, making it easy prey for leopards in the lower reaches. The Wildlife Institute of India Are doing satellite tracking to determine
the home range. Deending on the results a decision has to be made to increase the coverage area or to relocate the predator population.
( Source: Kanha Tiger Reserve by Carrol Moulton and Ernie J. Hulsey and
The Indian Express 22 Dec 2006)
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