May 14, 2013
The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centrewas
established in 1991 by Botanist Sheikh Gulzaar , head , who is from an journalism background. The institution is based in Aziz Abad village, Pampore, Jammu and Kashmir. The head of the said institution is Sheikh Gulzaar, who has done serve research in the
line of medicinal plants for which he travelled from Kashmir Himalayan mountain
tops as well as has crossedglaciers also and has struggled to such an extent that he has created ahistory. The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre is continuously researching since 18 years and is in research of medicinalplants and is
interested to meet the expectations and needs of the nation. Not only the said The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre is working in the country but throughout the world its research is going on. Mr.Sheikh Gulzaar has spent most of his life
on Himalayan mountains, footsteps and river banks while he was travelling for the project.
The Head of the the Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre Sheikh Gulzaar is continuously in research of medicinal ,fruit plants and wild
flowers and havealso cultivated some products in his own plant introduction center as such hasdone a great job which was not even in our mind ever. Some medicinal/fruit plants are
Ginkgo biloba , Lycium barbarum ,Lavetra
cashmerina , Geranium wallichiana , Cichorium intybus , Crocus sativus ,Hyoscyamusniger , Hippophae rhamnoides Inula racemosa, Iris cashmerina
, Dioscorea deltodia, Salvia hians , Salvia officinalis, Salvia moorcroftiana, Salvia sclarea , Aquilegia pubiflora, Paeonia emodi,Berberis lyceum , Epimedium elatum, Podophyllum hexandrum , Viola odorata ,Hypericum perforatum , Peganum harmala , Aesculus
indica, Ajuja bracteosa , Sambucus wightiana, Taxus baccata, Verbascum Thapsus, Valeriana officinalis, Atropa belladonna, Atropa acuminate, Artemisia absinthium,Achillea millefolium, Allium victoralis, Colchicum luteum,Phytolacca acinosa,Saussurea costus,
The said medicinal plants are having a good demand not only in the country but abroad also. Buy cultivating such plants the
institution has till date provided such plants to about 34 thousand research institutions,individuals & progressive farmers and in this way he has helped the researchers but have provided such plants to them time to time with the result the said institution
has earned a good fame in the country as well as have given training to so many unemployed and educated youth of the country hence in this way they are able to earn their livelihood.
The institution has received about 7880 applications since 1994 for giving fulldes criptions regarding such plants as well
as identity ,birth, botanical information and family structure of such plants and its benefits as well as they have been given letter of originty, Phytosanitary information & letter of authenticity , with the result such fellows have been absolutely helped
in carrying over their research forward.The real thing is to know the full description and identity of such plants which has been provided by the said. Sheikh Gulzaar , otherwise the researchers would have not been in know of all the benefits of such plants.
As the Kashmir valey is one of the cold region of Himalaya and the season of valley is not trustworthy here remains, cold temperature,
snowfall fast winds etc., with the result the public are suffering and every year huge losses are being faced by us as well as research jobis also being affected, because due to non-availability of high-tech green houses, so many valuable plants dies due
to extensive heat or cold and we requested so many times to Government to provideus proper place near high altitude sothat we may be able to cultivate other countries medicinal , wild flowers and fruit plants here also . I have also secured hundreds of
seeds from Europe, Middle East and Africa and have planted them in different areas and has obtained seeds from them as well as medicines,but it is difficult as the said seeds are only being sowing in such areas where the atmosphere will be neat and clean,
by this way we are not only getting help in research job but we are making it possible to cultivate such plants which has not been actually given any attention. In this research I am facing such difficulties but also I am bearing 3-5 thousands expenses per
plant/tree. E.g. I am planting a tree near the mountains of South Kashmir then after 2-6 months I have to take the same tree seedling. to high altitude and have to plant in such plants a place where there will be no rush of general public or animals just
keep it as a secret. When such plants become ready then we are obtaining seeds from them and the selling them India &abroad.
Till date government of Jammu and Kashmir as has not helped us in any way, we have got on lab or other high-tech facilities
so that our job will become easy and we are not using any chemicals, fertilizer etc. for such medicinal plants nor other technology but we are dependent upon organics fertilizers i.e. biomass, peat, manure plant leaves, tree barks but to obtain such items
we have to work hard as such the public is not hesitating to purchase our seeds and our target remains always upon such medicinal plants which is having demand in the market for ever.
The basic education I have obtained fromKashmir and for higher education I went to Mumbai, Nagpur, Bangalore and have done
M.Sc (Botany) and Diploma in cinema (Maharashtra), Computer Sciience and Environment Technology (Srinagar) and Mass communication/Journalism from(Delhi).
My main target is practical and Research & Development and I am feeling too much due to adverse conditions of the Himalayan
state of Kashmir as I havenot been given any help by the Govermnetof Jammu and Kashmir. As my whole job is land or agriculture that even the same needs at high altitude. To invest for upliftment of J&K I have to make my focus on Kashmir Himalaya for cultivating
such plants to obtain medicines which can be used for Cancer disease also and second main focus will be Food Technology as our country is presently facing heavy danger of Cancer and shortage of food and I will do my struggle till last breath.
At present my main project is``
High Altitude Medicinal “ where I am working and have to collect the data and if at this time the Government will cooperate and help me than I will meet the ends of success. We
must note itthat in future we will have clothes, homes but the food and medicine s will beshort as such shortage has to fulfill. We are living under the open sky that is right but living without food and medicine is IMPOSSIABLE.
For more information, contact:
Mr. Sheikh Gulzaar
The Jammu and Kashmir Medicinal Plants Introduction Centre
“Ginkgo House” Aziz Abad, Nambalbal, (Via Wuyan-Meej Road), Pampore PPR J&K 192121
(Site locations: Gulmarag, Kishtwar, Ramban, Phalgham, Sonamarag & Gauran)
POB: 667 GPO Srinagar SGR J&K 190001
December 12, 2012
|Annual river in Kumbhalgarh WLS
I do not know how to express my view today….I was in the field “Kumbhalgarh WLS” to share our research findings with local community called “Raika”. Raika is a community whose main
occupation is livestock rearing especially sheep and goat rearing and they are traditionally dependent on the forest for their need.
|View of Aravalli Hills
This workshop cum field visit was organized by an NGO called “Lok-hit Pashu Palak Sansthan (LPPS) that is working with Raikas for
the welfare of this community in the vicinity of Kumbhalgarh WLS. Then being with Foundation for Ecological Security (FES) (presently with Green Future Foundation, GFF) my colleague and I was asked to share our research as well as “what we are doing inside
and outside the protected areas for the benefit of local communities and on conservation aspect”. Other participants were from Kalpvriksh (NGO from Pune) and Sahjeevan (NGO from BHuj-Kachchh) along with few members of Maldhari community from Banni Grassland
(Kachchh- Gujarat). This Maldhari community was invited to share their views about the conservation of grasslands in extreme western part of country. Apart from this they did share their notion about Forest Right Act (2006) and how they are managing their
resources in sustainable manner.
|Grass potential of Kumbhalgarh WLS
Known person from Kalpvriksh was very clear in telling about the Forest Right Act, Individual Property Right (IPR) and Community Property Right (CPR). Many things are very much clearly
mentioned in the Act but some of the NGOs are trying to misinterpret the information available and the local community vivaciously grasping this information. It is so disheartening to see how the real facts are getting distorted!!!!! I wanted to tell many
things but I didn’t find it as a suitable platform. Though, it was very difficult for me to keep myself quiet, and I did communicate with local community but in a different perspective. One thing which came up, was the management aspect, it’s not that local
community cannot manage their resources but lack of collective efforts or you can say lack of UNITY is becoming a major problem. Most of my friends think that these tribal and local communities are innocent people but increased impact of technology and politics
has grown its root deeper at the village level and that is where their innocence is paying interest. Literate people are taking advantage of their innocence and lack of accord to earn their bread. It’s so ridiculous!
I am a wildlife biologist, I do care about the forest and practically I am against any type of developmental activities inside the forest, I do believe in natural flow of nutrient and
natural regeneration of forest but on the other hand I do aware of the rights which are being asked by local community. Here comes my concern of transient the information, passing on the right information and in precise way should be the criteria in engaging
these people with us. Dialogue with respective department and local community should be in agenda. If government has brought some Act for the welfare of the tribal community, then we all should join hands together towards the sustainable management and conservation
of our resources.
Some of the NGOs are behaving like a rival of forest department. In this way the differences and clashes between the forest department and local community cannot be filled. These NGOs
should work like cement instead of working like a negative catalyst. Overall these resources are all ours and it’s our duty to conserve these resources in sustainable manner. If economic growth is necessary for the country then same thing should apply for
the tribal also and I don’t think anyone will deny this fact of economic and social uplifting of local and tribal community but in this social and economic uplifting one should never forget our environment and sustainable use of natural resources.
December 12, 2012
Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary is a beautiful abode for the birds of different regions. It is supposed to believe that Goddess 'Sita'
had spent her few years of exile in this area, hence this sanctuary named as Sitamata WLS with three perennial rivers in its account.
This sanctuary has its immense importance in Southern Rajasthan mainly because it forms the northwestern limit of Teak-bamboo forests and the fauna occurring there in. It is exceptional for diversity and interspersion of habitats, which includes area of teak
stands, wetlands, perennial streams, gentle undulating mountains, natural deep gorges and fine grooves of mixed woodlands. The location of this sanctuary being at the inter junction of the Aravalli, Vindyan hill ranges, and Malwa Plateau makes it zoo-geographically
important and more unique as floral and faunal elements of both ranges could occur.
majestic Wildlife Sanctuary (SWLS) lies in the districts of Chittaurgarh, Udaipur and newly formed Pratapgarh district in the southwest region of Rajasthan State extending upto 422.95 km2. Three perennial river i.e. Jakham, karmoi and Sitamata wet
the sanctuary through out the year. General topography presents a picture of tangled wilderness of ridges, plateaus, valleys with network of streams and at places fairly wide plains.
The climate is characterized by distinct winter, summer and monsoon season.The
winter commences from November and becomes cold in December –January with the minimum temperature of 6oC. Summer starts from mid March and the heat become intense in April with the maximum temperature of 45oC. Rain showers from mid June
and continues up to mid September. Sometimes winter showers also occur in January-February.
When talk about Rajasthan, only scene comes in mind is vast sand dunes, desert, dry areas but seeing this sanctuary would surely surprise everyone by seeing network of three rivers Jakham, the Karmoi and the Sitamata and accompanied lush green riparian vegetation
is main characteristic of this sanctuary.All this have resulted in diverse micro and macro habitats that are home to quite a few conservation significant floral species like
Sterculia urens,Dendrocalamus strictus, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Buchanania lanzan, Desmostachya bipinnata, Gloriosa superba and Orchid like Vanda and
With so many characteristics, this sanctuary is interspersed with about 26 villages and their agriculture field that creates a typical mosaic; while along the periphery
there are nearly 20 villages. The agricultural activities coupled with the heavy biotic pressure of domestic livestock, illicit cutting of wood, timber and bamboo and other MFP collection, encroachments, both inside and the periphery exerts enormous pressure
on the PA.
This entire geographic feature makes this sanctuary perfect abode for more then 300 species of birds including Indian
Pitta, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Black-naped Monarch, Verditer Flycatcher, Ultramarine Flycatcher, three type of Kingfisher and major attraction is Stroke-billed Kingfisher in the riverine, Tit species like Black-lored Tit, Great Tit, small birds like munias
and winter visitors like warblers, and even can see dancing Indian Peafowls everywhere in the monsoon season.
Butterflies like Lime butterflies, Mormon, Blue Tigers, Grey, blue, peacock and chocolate pansy can
be seen feeding on many flowering species.
Tiny spiders are of course can bring joy of being in the forest.
Mammals like Palm and Small Indian Civet are an attraction in the night feeding on some fruiting
trees. Jungle Cat and smallest Rusty-spotted Cat is also a feature of attraction in the sanctuary along with endangered Four-horned Antelope.
|Indian Rock Python
Reptiles like Fan-throated Lizard, to poisonous Kobra, Krait to Python, even crocodiles can be seen
at the bank of Jakham Dam.
Overall this sanctuary is a must visit place in southern Aravallis. Even Sitamata temple is located
at the heart of the sanctuary midst of lush green forest with riverine all along.
|Waterfall near Sitamata Temple
One could ever imagine a walk in the forest listening chirping birds all over, fishes and even small crabs in the river,
water is so clear that one can even see river-bed full of small pebbles, deep gorges and valley and after that a small water fall. It’s so comforting to be in this protected area. I would advise to all my friends to take some time off from their busy life
and visit this place at least once in their life.
September 05, 2012
Read the interesting piece about Mangarbani at the link
.... The spry-at-78 Arthur F. Bentley professor of political science at Indiana University, however, backs Mangar villagers and conservationists because she does believe in the durability of traditional community-based models of preserving and judiciously using
common resources such as water, fisheries and forests. ......
Ostrom’s research is particularly important for India which is struggling to manage its commons, be it forests or water. Flashpoints are becoming frequent as demands of a burgeoning population and its development needs put pressure on common property. The 600-acre
Mangarbani, for instance, falls within Faridabad’s new 20-year development plan that would allow construction and other projects in eco-sensitive areas. But what they fail to grasp is that the forests are crucial to the maintenance of an ecosystem that helps
recharge the aquifers beneath the Aravalli hills. ......
September 01, 2012
5km to the side of Gurgaon -Faridabad four lane road, driving through a thick forest of Vilayati Kekar trees interpersed with construction sites, you enter Mangarbani village (wrongly spelt Manger at the direction board on the main road).
The Art and Craft Hotel raises a few eyebrows just before we enter the village. Builders are already in possession of Dream plans to convert the ancient village of Mangarbani into a "Tourist Paradise", the Hotel is probably waiting for those Dreams to take
At this sleepy village of about 300 hamlets we ask our way to the Bani. As we reach Bani, the three soldiers from Mangarbani village who started the fight to save Mangarbani against seemingly odd barriers, greet us. We, a few friends who learnt about
Mangarbani through the film "The Lost Forest", had decided to devote the Sunday Morning to see the forest for ourselves.
"Heavenly'" " So cool'" "Longest tailed peacock" "Beautiful bird sounds" remarks kept coming as we walked. The residents pitched in with their knowledge of the Bani. The first and last rule of the Bani " Do not pluck or cut anything from the Bani. If
you graze your animals inside, you raise the wrath of Gudanya Baba whose Samadhi in a cave is worshipped by the villagers.
Broken Kadamb branch-Remove it at your peril!
Here is an excerpt from the magazine "Down To Earth"
---What sets the Bani apart from the surrounding vegetation is that 95 per cent of it comprises a slow growing tree called Dhau (Anogeissus pendula). The tree has a unique feature. If it is nibbled by cattle, it spreads out on the ground or over rocks like
thick prostrate undergrowth. If left undisturbed, it grows into a middle-sized tree. The 13-meter-tall dhaus in Mangar Bani testify to the forest’s antiquity, points out Pradip Krishen, the author of Trees of Delhi. ......
Sacred grove of Dhau trees seen from temple top
We saw Desi papri trees, Vat and Dhok trees , Seetaphal trees and Kadamb trees which were fruiting and Dhau, the endemic tree of the area which were sprouting all over after the rains.
Sweet fruit of Seeta Phal tree
Dhau sprouting through rocks
Take the Dhau outside Mangarbani and they refuse to grow. The Dhau is believed to be one large organism in Managrbani which propagates through root grown saplings only. Untouched by the British ( The British never discovered this village tucked away in
the interior, according to locals) and the Forest Department, Vilayati Keekar is absent in the village. No bougainvillas and no lantana bushes are seen anywhere. The Forest has remained natural as it was 3000 years ago. A Natural Museum worth presrving
for the next generation!
Under the shade of ancient trees
Mangarbani, a serene forest
Besides the Bani being the Preserve of fauna and flora endemic to the Aravalis (probably the only patch in Rajasthan-Haryana-Delhi, where Aravalis have survived in their original glory), this unspoilt forest is most likely responsible for water recharging
and safeguarding water veins underground. Destroy this vegetation cover, build on it and we could end up blocking/destroying any number of water veins under those impenetrable rock-systems.
Gurgaon and Faridabad have seen Surajkund, Badkhal and Dumdama lakes disappear within the last 25-30 years, once vegetation in Aravalis was destroyed and hilllsides dug up for minerals/stones for construction and/or levelled for putting up buildings. The
ban by the Supreme Court on all mining cant restore those water bodies, they are gone for ever.
Will the Gurgaon-Faridabad-Delhi residents let the unspoilt Aravalis in and around Manger Bani disappear? They could be destroying the most important water-recharge System/Preserve that could have sustained the coming generations by providing much needed
elixir of life 'WATER'
SAVE THE ARAVALIS THAT WE STILL HAVE------REHABILITATING THEM MAY BE BEYOND ALL OF US. AFTER ALL THESE MOUNTAINS TOOK MILLIONS OF YEARS TO BECOME OUR BENEFICIARIES------
Listen to the young men from Mangarbani making an appeal
February 20, 2012
October 04, 2011
The Gurukula Botanical Sanctuary is a forest garden in the Western Ghat mountains of Kerala, India, dedicated to conservation and education. This mountain system is bordered by the Arabian Sea on one side and vast arid areas on others. It
supports a unique and endangered flora, and has been identified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as one of the 25 centres of biodiversity in the world.
Founded in 1981, the Sanctuary is a garden of wild plant species grown at the edge of a large rainforest reserve. Our central intention is to restore endangered species and habitats in a highly fragmented landscape, in which only a fraction
of original forest remains and much of the native flora is extracted for human use.
The Sanctuary is run by a small group of resident gardeners, naturalists and educators, and supported by a wide circle of well-wishers. Together we offer an approach that is connected to the climate, landscape, ecosystems, plants, animals
and people of the Western Ghats.
The work at the Sanctuary includes:
Read more at http://www.gbsanctuary.org/
- Conservation of native (rainforest) plants.
- Education and public outreach.
- Developing horticultural and conservation skills in local young women.
- Habitat restoration in degraded areas of the Western Ghats
- Supporting recovery of natural forest within our lands.
- Research in biodiversity and conservation.
- Sustainable agriculture and integrated land use: growing the forest farm.
September 29, 2011
Now, armed with latest technology and collaborations with whale shark experts from around the world, WTI with TCL’s support, is assisting the Gujarat Forest Department, to unravel the mysteries surrounding this fish.
“There must be something in the water of Gujarat that attracts them here,” says Manoj Matwal, Field Officer, WTI. “Perhaps it is the productivity which allows for flourishing of micro-organisms that predominantly make up the diet of this
Read more at the link
August 29, 2011
Vultures in our eco system
"They process certain bacteria and fungi present in carcasses, which otherwise form spores when brought in contact with a healthy human or animal, and become almost immortal. In the absence of vultures, dogs end up eating the dead animals and the bacteria
spreads thereafter. " Dr. Vibhu Prakash
Here is a link to a comprehensive article on vultures in our eco system, which makes for fascinating reading
The title is "India's Vanishing Vultures" written by Meera Subramanian in the
Virginia Quarterly Review
August 22, 2011
"The contribution of nutrients from animal pollinated world crops has not previously been evaluated as a biophysical measure for the value of pollination services. This study evaluates the nutritional composition of animal-pollinated world crops. We calculated
pollinator dependent and independent proportions of different nutrients of world crops, employing FAO data for crop production, USDA data for nutritional composition, and pollinator dependency data according to Klein et al. (2007). Crop plants that depend
fully or partially on animal pollinators contain more than 90% of vitamin C, the whole quantity of Lycopene and almost the full quantity of the antioxidants β-cryptoxanthin and β-tocopherol, the majority of the lipid, vitamin A and related carotenoids, calcium
and fluoride, and a large portion of folic acid. Ongoing pollinator decline may thus exacerbate current difficulties of providing a nutritionally adequate diet for the global human population."
Citation: Eilers EJ, Kremen C, Smith Greenleaf S, Garber AK, Klein A-M (2011) Contribution of Pollinator-Mediated Crops to Nutrients in the Human Food Supply. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21363. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021363
Read more at
#PLoS: Contribution of Pollinator-Mediated Crops to Nutrients in the Human Food Supply