Chat Archives
Chat on "Conservation of Marine Diversity in India" dated February 18, 2011
  • Susan Sharma: Welcome to our monthly online chat.
  • K. Venkataraman: Welcome to the Chat on Marine Biodiversity in India
  • K. Venkataraman: India has all different types of Marine Ecosystems present in the world
  • K. Venkataraman: India has Coral reef Ecosystem, Sea Grass Ecosystem, Sea weed Ecosystem, Mangrove Ecosystem, Pelagic and Benthic Ecosystem and so on
  • Susan Sharma: Can you explain Pelagic and Benthic?
  • K. Venkataraman: Pelagic is upper portion of the sea water column where in different types marine organisms live
  • K. Venkataraman: The Benthic ecosystem is the deeper part of the ocean where the sun light cannot reach
  • K. Venkataraman: Even in the deepest ocean where light cannot reach millions of animals, bacteria live
  • K. Venkataraman: Welcome Mr Pradeep Sharma to the chat
  • Pradeep Sharma: as a layman, I would be intereseted in knowing the impact of the proposed international airport in Mumbai?
  • Pradeep Sharma: Many thanks Mr Venkataraman!
  • K. Venkataraman: However how to minimise these impacts is the Scientists work.
  • Pradeep Sharma: Oh, I think the chat does not allow more then 164 characters, can you please copy it again?
  • K. Venkataraman: It is very interesting to know about the impacts on the upcoming Airport.
  • Pradeep Sharma: certainly and it has been a sensitive issue lately
  • K. Venkataraman: Definetely there will be impact on the marine organisms because of the new developments.
  • Pradeep Sharma: ok
  • K. Venkataraman: However, how to minimise such impact is the Scientists job
  • Pradeep Sharma: Are there specific zones in marine eco-system, supporting particular type of organisms or species?
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes. There are a lot of such zones, habitats, ecosystems are there
  • Pradeep Sharma: I would like to know this in context of the airport?
  • Pradeep Sharma: Like which species and/or eco-system are supposed to be affected?
  • K. Venkataraman: In the context of the airport, the tidal (low and high) zone is very important for organisms they live both in soil, water and need sunlight
  • K. Venkataraman: and air
  • K. Venkataraman: In case if these zones which are called intertidal zones which are affected many marine organisms cannot live
  • K. Venkataraman: because these inter tidal zones where the marine organisms come for reproduction.
  • Pradeep Sharma: ok
  • K. Venkataraman: This also called euphotic zone.
  • Pradeep Sharma: ok
  • K. Venkataraman: Many species which are living in the intertidal zone will get affected
  • Pradeep Sharma: What are the common threats to marine eco-systems in general in the country?
  • K. Venkataraman: Population, poverty, and illiteracy are the major cause for marine ecosystem.
  • K. Venkataraman: Pollution, Alien Invasive speices, climate change are also causing major threat to marine ecosystem and species
  • K. Venkataraman: Welcome to Shashi Kant Sharma to the Chat
  • Pradeep Sharma: does pollution include industrial effluents?
  • K. Venkataraman: Also some of the Natural threats are Cyclone, Tsunami, earth quake etc.
  • Pradeep Sharma: ok
  • K. Venkataraman: Major pollution is of made made and industry made
  • K. Venkataraman: Industrial pollution cause major damage to all marine life.
  • K. Venkataraman: For exampe The pollution created from the industries in Delhi will taken by Yamuna River
  • K. Venkataraman: and dump it in Bay Bengal. There is a system beyond Srilanka called Bengal Fan where all the pollution from
  • Pradeep Sharma: Yamuna is almost dead--resembles a sewer flow sadly
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Wll the recently notified coastal zone regulation make a difference as far as discharge of effluents is concerned?
  • K. Venkataraman: India accumulates and finally from the Bengal Fan it is distributed to Antarctica and Australia.
  • K. Venkataraman: But Yamuna is live during rainy season which carries all the pollution from Delhi. Like wise Krishna, Gothawari, Kaveri
  • Pradeep Sharma: I did not have any idea of magnitude of this problem!
  • K. Venkataraman: All these reivers are dumping poisonous chemicals regularly since independance of India
  • K. Venkataraman: Magnitude is very high but all this poisonous chemicals get diluted and circulated throughout the world throughout the year
  • Pradeep Sharma: another disturbing perspective of 'development'
  • K. Venkataraman: What you do in Delhi or Bombay will create problem in Andaman.
  • K. Venkataraman: Like wise what is created in USA will have problem in Andaman and Bombay
  • K. Venkataraman: Welcome Ritesh Patel to the Chat
  • Pradeep Sharma: So all this is interconnected even at continent-level?!
  • K. Venkataraman: The Development with out problem is called sustainable living. The whole world is working for this only including our government.
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes. All continents are interconnected. What happens in Africa wilkl affect the marine life of India
  • Pradeep Sharma: that is essential and crucial else it is going to be disastrous
  • K. Venkataraman: For example the African Dust strom brings in a lot of disease producing organisms to Indian Sea and dump it
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Are there any specific projects being tkenup fr conservation of Marin Diversity o the lines of the wild life conservatio?
  • K. Venkataraman: This dumping creates a lot of problem for the marine life in India
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes. In the Ministry of Environment there is High level National Committeeon Mangroves and Coral reefs which
  • K. Venkataraman: looks after the conservation of Coral and Mangrove. We have Wildlife Act 1972 which helps in protecting many marine organisms
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Do we need specific Projects for identified areas for safeguardng marine life
  • K. Venkataraman: There are Turtle sanctuary, Coral National Park and the sharks, dugong, marine shells, corals are protected by Government of India
  • K. Venkataraman: Shashi- we need many young persons to jump in the marine waters and save all the marine life which are living with us for a long time
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Awaeness being low, the Projects probably do not have avery high profile. Of coure the Ridley hasbeen in the news
  • K. Venkataraman: Awareness is the major component of Conservation. This wildlife club is one of that kind creating awareness among the young minds.
  • Susan Sharma: Thank you Dr. Venkataraman
  • K. Venkataraman: How many youngster know diving (SCUBA). You cannot identify changes in the underwater without going inside with SCUBA
  • K. Venkataraman: I am a professional Diver Master and I am the one and only person whio teaches scientific diving
  • Susan Sharma: India is surrounded on three sides by waters , still we have few divers
  • K. Venkataraman: All of you can learn diving. with out diving you cannot understand the marine world. It is different.
  • K. Venkataraman: India is protected in the north by Himalaya. But on all the three sides coral reefs like China Wall protecting India 365 days
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Where all in India can one go to diving school?
  • K. Venkataraman: If coral reefs are not there the whole peninsular india will be underwater
  • K. Venkataraman: There are dive schools in Bombay, Goa and Andaman. But in Lakshadweep the Instructor called Mr Samsudeen is wonderfull to help you
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Thanks
  • K. Venkataraman: So far I have trained many forest officers, researchers, NGOs in Andaman and Lakshadweep.
  • K. Venkataraman: If you want to know about marine life go to Andaman and see the real wonder world. No where in the Indian ocean such place is available
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: What time of the yr. is best suited>
  • K. Venkataraman: The global warming is creating a big problem to coral reefs in India.
  • K. Venkataraman: Already the corals available in the Gulf of Mannar is dying.
  • K. Venkataraman: Andaman if you want to dive DEC- March is best. Jan - May Lakshadweep is best.
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Thanks. About how much doesdiving programme cost for a new convert?Global warming seems to be the cause of too many of our problems
  • Susan Sharma: I saw a film "Coral Gardener" A man in Fiji is growing coral underwater and replanting them in the sea!
  • K. Venkataraman: For open water diving it costs 15,000 rupees
  • K. Venkataraman: For advanced open water another 15 000 you have to spend
  • Susan Sharma: Some one in Andamans must start a coral garden-may be government can take the initiative.
  • K. Venkataraman: For Rescue diving and Medic first aid it costs about 2000 US dollers
  • Pradeep Sharma: How the turtles are different from tortoise?
  • K. Venkataraman: For Dive Master which is the fifth level of diving it costs 6000 us dollers
  • K. Venkataraman: Coral Garden can be made where corals are not there.
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: My + the equipment. That is steep and may be the reason why we donot have too any divers in India
  • K. Venkataraman: Andaman is supposed to be Paradise for Corals better than Great Barrier reef.
  • K. Venkataraman: India has more than 250+ coral speecies reported so far and it is estimated that 400 corals may live in India
  • K. Venkataraman: India is very close to the GOLDEN TRIANGLE for corals
  • Susan Sharma: Please visit to see some wonderful marine posters
  • K. Venkataraman: The GOLDEN TRIANGLE for coral is Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Just for information, how many speciesof coral are there?
  • K. Venkataraman: There ae 800 corals are there reported till today. Phillippines has 600, Indinesia and Malaysia has equal numbers.
  • K. Venkataraman: There 3350 molluscs are there in India 1500 fishes are reported 756 Echinoderms (star fishes) are reported till today
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: So most of them Corals are right here in the Asia-Pacific?
  • K. Venkataraman: 16 species of sea grass, 850 species of sea weeds, 64 species of mangroves etc etc
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes. The corals live only in the tropical seas. Among tropical seas Indian Ocean is more diverse than all the oceans
  • K. Venkataraman: For example in one coral reef more than 3000 species of organisms occur in Inida but Florida coast has only 1000.
  • K. Venkataraman: India is great and it is Great India
  • K. Venkataraman: We possess so much biodiversity wealth and we do not know how toprotect it. Like Figi has very less coral hence they want coral Garden
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Yes, like everything else even in thi respect India does seem to be blessed
  • K. Venkataraman: India has all ecosystems available in the world. We actually do not know the real weal we posses
  • K. Venkataraman: I mean real wealth
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: I confess the level of awareness is very low
  • K. Venkataraman: In case if there is a rebirth we should once again born in India and no where else in the world
  • K. Venkataraman: When there youngsters like you we need not worry
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Amen
  • K. Venkataraman: The the flag of conservation in your hand and give it to the next generation. That is the need of the hour.
  • Pradeep Sharma: It has been an illuminating addition to my knowledge regarding marine eco-systems!
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes- we go the sea shore collect all the shells and bring it home and through it to the dust bin. How long one can do this??????
  • Shashi Kant Sharma: Wonder if IWC can host a PPt done by an authoity like Mr Venkatarman, on marine diversity in India and areas people can go to, for an experience
  • Susan Sharma: As soon as the chat is over, the transcript will be online. Please send the link to your friends.
  • K. Venkataraman: The ornamental shells which are supposed to be in the sea which is home for many animals we destroy every thing aout of ignorance
  • K. Venkataraman: Ok thanks
  • Pradeep Sharma: Many thanks!
  • K. Venkataraman: I am very happy to give ppt presentation to all children about what we have in out country on Marine ecosystem
  • Susan Sharma: Looking at our ignorance I think we need to have more chats on specific marine resourcese
  • K. Venkataraman: Yes we need to have many more chat like this
  • Susan Sharma: And of course, we can host the PPt in our online club
  • K. Venkataraman: I want to do that eye to eye with many more stories and description in Delhi.
  • Susan Sharma: We are also nearing one hour. When you are in Delhi next, please let me know. We can talk about hosting a slide show.
  • K. Venkataraman: OK thanks and Good Night to all
  • Susan Sharma: Thank you Dr. Venkataraman for a scintillating chat
  • K. Venkataraman: Think coral Dream coral and dont eat coral. we need it for our future generation to live.
  • Susan Sharma: Thank you Pradeep, Shashi and Ritesh
  • Susan Sharma: I am closing the room. Look out forthe transcript online!
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Volunteering at Melghat Tiger Reserve - October, 2013
Role of Citizens in Scientific Research - September, 2013
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Bats-The Night Warriors - October, 2012
Man vs Tiger-Can Science help? - July, 2012
Human Elephant Conflict - June, 2012
Saving the one horned rhino - May, 2012
"Man-Leopard Conflict - how we can deal with it" - April, 2012
Environment and Wildlife Film making - March, 2012
"Rainforest Wildlife-Unique adaptations" - February, 2012
Conserving wildlife in fragmented landscapes - January, 2012
Urban Biodiversity - September, 2011
Green Hiking in the Himalayas - August, 2011
Role of Zoos in Conservation - July, 2011
Reduce, Recycle and Reuse - June, 2011
Black Necked Cranes - symbol of the rising Green Consciousness - May, 2011
Wildlife Issues in the North -East of India - April, 2011
Trekking in the Himalaya - March, 2011
Conservation of Marine Diversity in India - February, 2011
Plant native trees this monsoon - January, 2011
Human Elephant Conflict - December, 2010
Conservation and Development in Emerging India - November, 2010
Responsible Tourism- Way forward to conservation? - September, 2010
Vulture Conservation in India - August, 2010
Plant a tree (trees) this monsoon - June, 2010
Role of Urban Birds - April, 2008
"Role of Urban Birds" - April, 2008
GM Foods and Bio-diversity - March, 2008
Taking Responsibility for One's Carbon Emissions - February, 2008
Ecological Security - January, 2008
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Urban Wildlife - October, 2007
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Garbage littered on our Streets - July, 2007
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Endangered Animals of Sikkim - April, 2007
Citizen Participation in Environmental Issues - March, 2007
Vulture crisis in India - January, 2007
City Parks and Biodiversity - December, 2006
Why is bird census important? - November, 2006
Shooting Wildlife with a Camera - October, 2006
Rain Harvesting - September, 2006
Environmental Education - July, 2006
Tribal Bill - June, 2006
Trekking in the Himalaya Region - May, 2006
Trekking in the Himalayas - May, 2006
Coastal Wildlife - April, 2006
MARINE BIOLOGY - March, 2006
Atmospheric Brown Cloud - February, 2006
Tiger Census - January, 2006
Tiger Task Force Report - December, 2005
Marine Ecosystems Chat dated 18 November 2005 - November, 2005
Coral Reefs - October, 2005
Global Warming - September, 2005
Tourism and Wildlife - August, 2005
Environment Education - July, 2005
Wild Elephants - May, 2005
Tiger Census - April, 2005
Enforcement of Wildlife Act and the Common Man - January, 2005
Crane Migration - November, 2004
Migratory birds of India - October, 2004
Offences Against Wildlife - September, 2004
Man Animal Conflict - August, 2004
Recent Amendments to the Wildlife Act - July, 2004
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Captive elephant management - May, 2004
Conservation of seaturtles - April, 2004
Asiatic Lion - March, 2004
Plight of lesser animals - February, 2004
Mangroves of India - January, 2004
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